What is Iodine and where is it found?
Iodine is a trace mineral and an essential nutrient. It is used for normal thyroid function, the production of thyroid hormones, and the conversion of food into energy in the cells. It is found in iodized table salt, seafood, kelp, dairy product, and plants grown in iodine-rich soil. Lack of iodine for many months can cause goiter or hypothyroidism. Additionally, iodine deficiency can cause low thyroid hormone, which can prevent ovulation in women and lead to infertility. Deficiency during pregnancy can mental retardation and nervous system issues to the baby, and it may cause high blood pressure in pregnant women.
What are the benefits?
Iodine prevents and treats iodine deficiencies and its consequences, including goiter and hypothyroidism. It is also used for radiation emergencies, to treat a skin disease called cutaneous sporotrichosis, and dermatitis. Some people take iodine to prevent breast cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and stroke. It is also used as an expectorant. Topically, iodine is used to treat diabetic ulcers in the mouth and to prevent sore soreness from chemotherapy.
Are there interactions with food or medications?
Are there side effects?
Iodine may cause nausea, abdominal pain, headache, diarrhea, a metallic taste, or soreness in the teeth or gums.