Flavonoids are compounds found in many fruits, vegetables, and beverages that have antioxidant properties. There are over 4000 flavonoids, including anthocyanins and flavones. A recent study in the Journal of Nutrition found that a high intake of anthocyanins and flavones, especially in berries, tea, and chocolate, was associated with lower insulin resistance and better glucose regulation. This study also showed lower chronic inflammation from eating these food groups. It is unclear exactly how much of these compounds is necessary to protect against diabetes, but people who ate these foods were less likely to develop the disease. Don’t go out and binge on chocolate or red wine – berries and green tea are definitely better choices. However, when you have a sweet tooth, definitely choose chocolate over cheesecake!
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