What is magnesium?
Magnesium is a mineral found in the human body, which is essential to
good health. It is needed in more than 300 biochemical reactions in the
body and it is involved in keeping bones strong, supporting the immune
system, and maintaining muscle and nerve functions. Additionally,
magnesium is involved in energy metabolism, protein synthesis, blood
sugar regulation, and in promoting normal blood pressure levels.

Where is magnesium found?
Most foods that are high in fiber are also high in magnesium. Magnesium
is found in vegetables, such as broccoli, squash and green leafy vegetables
like spinach. It is also found in beans, peas, nuts, seeds and unrefined
grains. Other sources include dairy products, raisins, bananas, coffee,
meats and avocado.

What are the benefits of magnesium?
Magnesium is effective as a laxative for constipation and in treating
magnesium deficiency and dyspepsia (heartburn). It has also been shown
to relieve PMS, prevent bone loss, prevent type 2 diabetes, decrease
cholesterol, improve chronic fatigue syndrome, treat arrhythmias and
prevent stroke, prevent bone loss, and lower the risk of developing
metabolic syndrome. Some people use magnesium to improve energy and
endurance during athletic activity, decrease hypertension, and treat

Are there interactions between magnesium and food, herbs or
other supplements?
Calcium and zinc decrease the absorption of magnesium, while boron and
vitamin D increase the absorption of magnesium.

Are there side effects from magnesium?
In some people, magnesium may cause an upset stomach, nausea,
vomiting, and/or diarrhea.

To purchase Magnesium:

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What is licorice and where is it found?
Licorice is a plant primarily grown in Greece, Turkey and Asia. It is mostly used
as a flavoring agent in foods and tobacco and foods, especially as a candy. The
licorice root is used to make medicine. It contains compound called glycyrrhizin,
which has antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, and soothing properties.

What are the benefits of licorice?
Licorice is used orally to treat digestive issues such as dyspepsia (heartburn),
peptic ulcers, and gastritis. It is also used to treat sore throats, colds, and
coughs. Others use licorice to treat osteoarthritis, lupus and liver disorders. Some
research shows licorice reduces body fat and decreases weight. Topically, licorice
can be used in shampoos to decrease oiliness.

Are there interactions with food or medications and licorice?
Licorice should not be taken with grapefruit juice or salt since licorice can cause
potassium depletion and increase sodium and water retention Licorice should not
be taken with Coumadin and care should be taken with estrogens, digoxin,
diuretics, corticosteroids, and medications changed by the liver.

Are there side effects from licorice?
Licorice may cause fluid retention and low potassium levels, which may lead to
high blood pressure, headaches, lethargy, acute renal failure, edema,
arrhythmias, and muscle weakness. High levels of licorice may also affect cortisol
levels in the body.

To purchase licorice:

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What is Conjugated Linoleic Acid?
CLA, an essential fatty acid, is an isomer of linoleic acid, which is an
essential polyunsaturated fatty acid found in many vegetable oils. An
isomer is a compound with the same molecular formula but different
structural formula.

Where is CLA  found?
CLAs are found naturally in eggs, milk fat, beef, and the meat of cud
chewing animals, called ruminant animals. Kangaroo meat has the highest
concentration of CLAs. CLAs are much higher in grass-fed ruminants than
grain-fed ones. It can also be produced synthetically by exposing plant
oils that are rich in linoleic acid (like safflower and soybean oil) to a base
and heat.

What are the benefits of CLA?
CLAs have been found to be effective in reducing the risk of colorectal
cancer and improving body composition in people who are obese or
overweight. Studies have shown that it helps decrease body fat and
increase lean body mass. Other possible uses are for bodybuilding, breast
cancer, cachexia (weight loss due to disease), decreasing food allergies,
and atherosclerosis.

Are there interactions between CLA and food, herbs or other supplements?
There is some evidence that CLAs may increase the storage of Vitamin A in
the liver and breast tissues.

Are there side effects from CLAS?
Some people report GI issues while taking CLAs, such as diarrhea, nausea,
fatigue, and dyspepsia. There is also concern that CLA supplements may
create or worsen insulin resistance in extremely overweight individuals,
which may worsen diabetes and or put them at an increased risk for
developing diabetes.

To purchase CLAs:

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What is inositol and where is it found?
Inositol is a vitamin-like substance that is found in many foods, especially fruit
such as cantaloupe and oranges. It is also found in grains and beans, but in a
form that is not bio-available to the human body. Unofficially, it is referred to as
vitamin B8. It works by balancing certain chemicals in the body, like
neurotransmitters, and may participate in the action of serotonin. Inositol is sold
as a supplement.

What are the benefits of inositol?
Inositol has been shown to be effective in treating obsessive-compulsive
disorder, panic disorder, and polycystic ovary syndrome. Some people take
inositol to treat Alzheimer’s disease, ADHA, depression, and diabetic neuropathy
and autism. Others take it to treat high blood pressure, psoriasis, and high

Are there interactions with food or medications and inositol?
None known.

Are there side effects from inositol?
It is well tolerated but can possible cause nausea, tiredness, headache, and

Green Tea

Green Tea

What is Green Tea?
Green tea is a type of tea made from the leaves of Camellia sinensis. It is not
fermented like black and oolong teas. Instead, it is steamed at high
temperatures, which prevents oxidation by inactivating certain oxidizing
enzymes. As a result, green tea is high in polyphenols, such as flavanols (which
include catechins), flavandiols, flavonoids and phenolic acids. Catechins seem to
be responsible for many of the benefits of green tea.

Where is it found?
Green tea can be found in any grocery store tea section. Both caffeinated and
decaffeinated varieties are available. It is also sold as an oral supplement and
topical extract ointment.

What are the benefits of green tea?
Intake of green tea is used to improve cognitive performance and mental
alertness. It is also used to treat prevent/treat certain cancers, hyperlipidemia,
Parkinson’s disease, and hypotension. It may be effective as an aid in weight
loss, osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease, and hypertension. When used
topically, green tea is used to treat genital warts. Additionally, the bags can be
used to wash and soothe sunburn and as a compress for a headache or tired

Are there interactions with medications and green tea?
Because of the caffeine in green tea, one should be cautious and consult a
doctor when taking amphetamines, cocaine, ephedrine, mexiletine, terbinafine
(lamisil), adenosine, anticoagulant drugs, beta-andrenergic agonists, boronic
acid-based proteaseome inhibititors, bortezomib (velcade), cimetidine (tagamet),
clozapine (clozaril), dipyridamole (persantine), lithium, hepatotoxic drugs,
fluvoxamine (luvox), fluconazole (diflucan), and estrogens.
Green tea appears to reduce the absorption of iron from foods. Also, milk added
to green tea has been shown to enhance some of the cardiovascular benefits of
green tea.

Are there side effects from green tea?
Some possible (but rare) side effects may be nausea, vomiting, abdominal
bloating and pain, flatulence, diarrhea, dizziness, insomnia, fatigue, and

Green Coffee Extract

Green Coffee Extract

What is Green Coffee Extract?
Green coffee extract come from green coffee beans, which are coffee beans that
have not been roasted. Therefore, they have a higher level of chlorogenic acid,
which is an antioxidant that boosts metabolism by changing the way glucose is
absorbed in the body.
Most of the research on green coffee has used Svetol by Naturex, which is a type
of green coffee bean extract. Svetol comes from the Robusta variety of beans
instead of the Arabica variety used by many other companies. Svetol is
decaffeinated and is only sold to nutraceutical companies to manufacture their
own weight loss supplements.

Where is green coffee extract found?
It is a supplement. It is recommended to take 400mg 30 minutes before each

What are the benefits of green coffee extract?
Green coffee extract has been shown to be effective in decreasing blood
pressure and aiding in weight loss. It is also used to improve cardiovascular
health and lower blood sugar levels.

Are there interactions with green coffee extract and medications?
Too much caffeine interferes with the absorption of calcium. Also, be careful
when taking hypotensive medications since it has as blood pressure lowering

Are there side effects from green coffee extract?
Green coffee contains caffeine and therefore may have caffeine-related side
effects, such as insomnia, upset stomach, headaches, anxiety, and nervousness.
The caffeine may also worsen diarrhea, osteoporosis and Irritable Bowel



What is ginseng and where is it found?
Ginseng is an herbal supplement that comes from a plant root. There are two
main types: Asian/Korean (Panax) ginseng and American ginseng, which have
different benefits. Ginseng does not come naturally from foods. In additional to
being an oral supplement, ginseng is also used to make soaps and cosmetics,
and it is a flavoring in many beverages.

What are the benefits of ginseng?
Panax ginseng is used to improve thinking, concentration, and memory. It is
also used to enhance well-being and to help people cope with stress; hence, it is
known as an “adaptogen.” Panax ginseng has also been shown to be effective
for diabetes, male impotence, COPD, and premature ejaculation.
American Ginseng has been shown to lower blood sugar levels and to decrease
the risk of developing symptoms from upper respiratory tract infections. It also
may boost the immune system, improve mood, and increase endurance.
People take both types of ginsengs to increase athletic performance and physical
stamina. They also take ginseng to treat depression, anxiety, cancer, anemia,
heart disease, hepatitis C, menopausal symptoms, blood pressure and insomnia.

Are there interactions between ginseng and food or medications?
Ginseng shouldn’t be taken with other diabetes medications because of its affect
on blood sugar levels. It also may also interfere with warfarin or other
medications for depression. One should also avoid stimulant drugs and caffeine
while taking ginseng.

Are there side effects from ginseng?
The side effects are generally mild. Some people experience insomnia, dizziness,
stomach upset, or nervousness.


Garcinia Cambogia

What is Garcinia Cambogia and where is it found?
Garcinia Cambogia is small fruit, which looks like a little green pumpkin. It is also
known as a tamarind. It is native to Indonesia, but it can also be found in
Southeast Asia, India, and parts of Africa. The skin of the fruit contains a rind
extract called hydoxycitric acid (HCA), which may interfere with lipogenesis
(block fat) and suppress appetite.

What are the benefits of garcinia?
Garcinia is used for weight loss and to improve exercise performance. It may
suppress appetite. It may also improve mood and sleeping patterns, and aides
with people who are emotional eaters because it affects serotonin levels.

Are there interactions with garcinia and  food or medications?
None known.

Are there side effects from garcinia?
Garcinia can cause nausea, headaches and mild GI discomfort.



What is creatine?
Creatine supplements are used to increase muscle mass and improve
athletic performance, especially in older adults. Creatine is a source of
energy for the skeletal muscles. In fact, 95% of the creatine in our body is
stored in the skeletal muscle.

Where is it creatine found?
Creatine is not an essential nutrient because our bodies can make it. Our
liver, kidneys and pancreas synthesize 1-2g of creatine a day. Creatine
can also be ingested from food. Another 1-2 g come from fish and meats.

What are the benefits of creatine?
Creatine has been shown to be effective for enhancing muscle
performance during brief, high intensity exercise. It seems to increase
muscular power during repeated, short energy bursts rather than for single
event performance. It also might be beneficial in exercise alternating
anaerobic and aerobic metabolism for long durations. It doesn’t seem to
improve strength of body composition in people over the age of 60.
Additionally, for some it may decrease the rate of Parkinson’s Disease and
improve muscle strength in those with muscular dystrophy, and may be
used to treat depression, CHF (congestive heart failure) and bipolar

Are there interactions between creatine and  food, herbs or other supplements?
Creatine combined with carbohydrates can increase muscle creatine levels than
just taking creatine alone.


Chromium Picolinate


What is chromium?
Chromium is a trace element. It is known to enhance the effectiveness of insulin,
which is a hormone involved in the metabolism and storage of carbohydrates,
protein and fat in the body. Chromium is the active ingredient in glucose
tolerance factor (GTF), which is a dietary factor that has been shown to improve
impaired glucose tolerance in rats.

Where is chromium found?
Chromium is widely distributed in the food supply, but the content of the mineral
in food is altered by agriculture and manufacturing practices and therefore most
foods provide only small amounts. It is found canned foods, meats and animal
fats, fish, brown sugar, coffee, tea, calf liver, whole wheat bread, rye bread,
some spices, and brewer’s yeast. Cooking in stainless-steel cookware increases
the chromium content in food.

What are the benefits of chromium?
Chromium is used to improve blood sugar balance and glycemic control in
diabetes. It is also used to treat pre-diabetes, PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome),
and decrease LDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Some people take
chromium to increase muscle mass and lose weight. It is also used to increase
athletic performance and increase energy.

Are there interactions between chromium and  medications?
Antacids, corticosteroids, H2 blockers and proton pump inhibitors alter stomach
acidity and may impair chromium absorption. Additionally, chromium may
enhance the effects of beta-blockers, corticosteroids, NSAIDS, prostaglandin
inhibitors, nicotinic acid and insulin.

Are there side effects from chromium?


To purchase chromium:

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