Evidence published in JAMA Internal Medicine showed that shoppers who went to the grocery store on an empty stomach selected more high calorie foods than those shoppers who were more sated. Both sets of shoppers purchased a similar amount of food, but those who had been fasting for 5 hours chose many more high calorie products. The number of low calorie foods selected was the same. This may be related to increased brain activation in areas associated with reward.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that only 20.6% of Americans are meeting the national guidelines for both aerobics and strength training. The current exercise guidelines recommend a minimum per week of 2.5 hours of moderate intensity aerobics in addition to a minimum of two days of muscle-strenghtening activities on all major muscle groups. The study showed that 51.6% of Americans are meeting only the aerobic guidelines while 29.3% of Americans are meeting only the strength training recommendations. Additionally, women, Hispanics, the elderly, and obese adults were less likely to follow the exercise recommendations. There were also variations based on state.
Regular activity has been shown to lower health risks, including controlling weight and decreasing depression and the onset of diabetes and heart disease. The results were published in the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.
The cause of elbow pain, commonly called “tennis elbow,” is often difficult to diagnose because there are so many factors involved. In fact, only about 5% of cases of tennis elbow are caused by playing tennis. Further, in 65% of the cases there is nothing wrong with the elbow at all. Elbow pain can be caused by any activity with repetitive wrist motion, by continuous computer use, and by excessive lifting and carrying. Radiating neck pain can also cause elbow pain, even if the neck doesn’t hurt. Elbow pain is usually due to prolonged irritation over and over for a long period of time, like repeatedly sitting with poor posture hunched over a desk. To help prevent elbow pain, make sure to incorporate gentle stretching and postural awareness into your daily regimen. To improve postural awareness, do chest stretches, external rotation, and shoulder retractions.
What is melatonin and where is it found?
Melatonin is a hormone produced by the brain, which controls sleep and wake cycles. It can be found in very small amounts in some foods such as meats, grains, fruits, and vegetables. It is also sold as a dietary supplement.
What are the benefits of melatonin?
Melatonin is used as a sleep aid to treat insomnia and jet lag. It is also used to treat shift-work disorder, circadian rhythm disorders in the blind, and nicotine withdrawal, seasonal affective disorder (SAD) and decreasing cluster headaches. Some people use it for Alzheimer’s disease, fibromyalgia, irritable bowel syndrome, epilepsy, some cancers, and neuropathy.
Are there interactions with food, medications or herbal supplement and melatonin?
Melatonin may decrease blood pressure, so it should not be taken with hypotensive supplements or medications. It should also not be taken with anticoagulant/antiplatelet supplements or medications because melatonin may increase the risk of bleeding in some people. There are also possible interactions with caffeine, St. John’s Wort, sedative medications and herbs, anticonvulsants, Echinacea, and vitamin B12.
Are there side effects and melatonin?
Melatonin is well tolerated but may cause daytime drowsiness, headaches, and dizziness. Before taking melatonin, consult a healthcare provider if you have diabetes, depression, high or low blood pressure, epilepsy/seizure disorder, a bleeding or blood clotting disorder or if you are using any medicine to prevent organ transplant rejection.
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