Raspberry Ketones

Raspberry Ketones

What are Raspberry Ketones?
Raspberry ketones are one of the aromatic compounds found in raspberries,
responsible for the aroma found in the fruit. It is a phenol compound used as a
natural flavor food additive in many foods. It is also found in perfumes and
cosmetics. It can also be made synthetically, since the natural compound is very
Raspberry ketones have been shown to be chemically similar to capsaicin, which
is found in chile peppers. These compounds may help burn fat and therefore aid
in weight loss.

Where are raspberry ketones found?
It is a supplement. It comes from red raspberries.

What are the benefits of raspberry ketones?
Raspberry ketones are used for weight loss, obesity and increasing lean body
mass. They may also improve insulin sensitivity and reduce fat in the liver. It is
also used for hair loss (alopecia).

Are there interactions with medications and raspberry ketones?
Raspberry ketones may affect warfarin and care should be taken when using this

Are there side effects from raspberry ketones?
No reliable information is known on the safety of raspberry ketones. No clinical
trials have been done and little is known about its long-term safety. Chemically,
it is similar to synephrine and there is some concern that the supplement may
cause increased heart rate, blood pressure and feelings of jitters.



What is Quercetin?
Quercetin is a flavonoid found in fruits, vegetables, grains, and leaves. It
has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticarcinogenic and cardioprotective

Where is quercitin found?
It is found in red wine, red grapes, black and green tea, onions (especially
red onion), kale, tomatoes, broccoli, green beans, asparagus, apples,
berries, capers, and citrus fruit.

What are the benefits of quercitin?
Quercetin has been shown to be effective for reducing pain and improving
the quality of life of patients with prostatitis. It is also used to treat
coronary heart disease, high cholesterol, and hypertension and to reduce
the risk of lung, ovarian and pancreatic cancers. It is taken after kidney
transplants to improve kidney function. Further, quercetin is used to
increase exercise endurance and improve performance.

Are there interactions with quercitin and food, herbs or other supplements?
None known. Quercetin is found in some other herbs, such as St John’s
wort, Ginkgo biloba, and American elder.

Are there side effects from quercitin?
Quercetin may cause headaches and tingling of the extremities. If taken
intravenously, there may be sweating, nausea, and vomiting.



What is Pycnogenol?
Pycnogenol is an antioxidant with immunostimulating properties that is extracted
from the pine bark of a tree known as Pinus pinaster, also known as French
Maritime Pine Bark. It contains flavonoids, including catechin, and taxifolin, and
the bioflavonoid, procyanidin. Pycnogenol is a trademarked French name, but
similar compounds are found in other pine bark extracts, grape seed extract, and
peanut skins.

Where is pycnogenol found?
It is a supplement. However, it can also be brewed as a tea made from pine

What are the benefits of pycnogenol?
Pycnogenol has been shown to be effective in treating allergic rhinitis and
asthma. It has also seems to increase athletic endurance and decrease
hypertension. Further, it appears to slow or prevent retinopathy and improve
circulatory function. Pycnogenol is added to many skin creams and products
because of its anti-aging properties. It may help slow the aging process and
maintain healthy skin. Some people also use pycnogenol for diabetes, leg
cramps, menopausal symptoms, and coronary artery disease.

Are there interactions with medications and pycnogenol?
Because of its immunostimulating properties, pycnogenol may interfere with
immunosuppressant therapy and should not be taken with immunosuppressant
drugs or by people with autoimmune disorders.

Are there side effects from pycnogenol?
Pycnogenol may cause dizziness, gut problems, headaches, and mouth ulcers.



What is a probiotic?
Probiotics are live microorganisms (usually bacteria), which support digestion
and the immune system. They are considered “good bacteria” because of their
positive influence on the gut. The World Health Organization defines probiotics
as “live microorganisms, which, when administered in adequate amounts, confer
a health benefit on the host.” The two most common probiotics come from two
groups of bacteria: Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium. There are different
species and strains in each of these different groups. Some probiotics are yeast.

Where are probiotics found?
They are found in dietary supplements and in foods, such as fermented foods
and cultured milk products. There has been some recent controversy over
whether foods with supplemental probiotics, such as Activia, are effective.

What are the benefits of probiotics?
Probiotics help with the immune system, protect against microorganisms that can
cause disease, and help the digestions and absorption of food and nutrients.
They have been shown to be effective for diarrhea, infant colic, IBS (Irritable
Bowel Syndrome), respiratory tract infections in children, ulcerative colitis,
pouchitis (a condition that may occur after removal of the colon), and atopic
dermatitis. For some it may prevent the common cold, UTIs (urinary tract
infections), and lactose intolerance. Since there are cells in the digestive tract
connected to the immune system, it is believed that probiotics can affect the
immune system’s defenses by altering the balance of “good” and “bad” bacteria.

Are there interactions with medications and probiotics?
Taking antibiotics may decrease the effectiveness of probiotics. Also, ingestion
of probiotics may negatively affect patients taking immunosuppressant. There is
a risk that those patients have a higher risk of infection.
Side effects of taking probiotics are mild, if any. Some people complain of gas or
bloating, which dissipates after continued use.

To purchase probiotics: http://www.metagenics.com/mp/products/ultraflora-spectrum

Practitioner code: DGroothuisRD



What is mulberry and where is it found?
Mulberry is a plant, which includes a wide variety of trees and shrubs and
contains a fruit that resembles blackberries. The powdered leaves of white
mulberry are used as an herb for medicine, while the fruit is eaten both raw and
cooked. The fruit of the mulberry is high in phytonutrients, especially
resveratrol, a flavonoid antioxidant. They are also high in protein, iron and many
other vitamins and minerals.

What are the benefits of mulberry?
Mulberry has been used to treat diabetes by lowering blood sugar. It seems
to slow the breakdown of sugar in the body, which increases the length of time
food is absorbed prevents blood sugar from rising too rapidly. It is also used to
treat high cholesterol, high blood pressure, joint and muscle pain, and the
common cold. Some people use it for hair loss and premature graying,
constipation and asthma.

Are there interactions with medications and mulberry?
None known.

Are there side effects from mulberry?
Avoid taking mulberry during pregnancy and breast-feeding because very few
studies have been done and there is not enough information known.



What is magnesium?
Magnesium is a mineral found in the human body, which is essential to
good health. It is needed in more than 300 biochemical reactions in the
body and it is involved in keeping bones strong, supporting the immune
system, and maintaining muscle and nerve functions. Additionally,
magnesium is involved in energy metabolism, protein synthesis, blood
sugar regulation, and in promoting normal blood pressure levels.

Where is magnesium found?
Most foods that are high in fiber are also high in magnesium. Magnesium
is found in vegetables, such as broccoli, squash and green leafy vegetables
like spinach. It is also found in beans, peas, nuts, seeds and unrefined
grains. Other sources include dairy products, raisins, bananas, coffee,
meats and avocado.

What are the benefits of magnesium?
Magnesium is effective as a laxative for constipation and in treating
magnesium deficiency and dyspepsia (heartburn). It has also been shown
to relieve PMS, prevent bone loss, prevent type 2 diabetes, decrease
cholesterol, improve chronic fatigue syndrome, treat arrhythmias and
prevent stroke, prevent bone loss, and lower the risk of developing
metabolic syndrome. Some people use magnesium to improve energy and
endurance during athletic activity, decrease hypertension, and treat

Are there interactions between magnesium and food, herbs or
other supplements?
Calcium and zinc decrease the absorption of magnesium, while boron and
vitamin D increase the absorption of magnesium.

Are there side effects from magnesium?
In some people, magnesium may cause an upset stomach, nausea,
vomiting, and/or diarrhea.

To purchase Magnesium: http://www.metagenics.com/mp/products/mag-glycinate

Practitioner code: DGroothuisRD



What is licorice and where is it found?
Licorice is a plant primarily grown in Greece, Turkey and Asia. It is mostly used
as a flavoring agent in foods and tobacco and foods, especially as a candy. The
licorice root is used to make medicine. It contains compound called glycyrrhizin,
which has antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, and soothing properties.

What are the benefits of licorice?
Licorice is used orally to treat digestive issues such as dyspepsia (heartburn),
peptic ulcers, and gastritis. It is also used to treat sore throats, colds, and
coughs. Others use licorice to treat osteoarthritis, lupus and liver disorders. Some
research shows licorice reduces body fat and decreases weight. Topically, licorice
can be used in shampoos to decrease oiliness.

Are there interactions with food or medications and licorice?
Licorice should not be taken with grapefruit juice or salt since licorice can cause
potassium depletion and increase sodium and water retention Licorice should not
be taken with Coumadin and care should be taken with estrogens, digoxin,
diuretics, corticosteroids, and medications changed by the liver.

Are there side effects from licorice?
Licorice may cause fluid retention and low potassium levels, which may lead to
high blood pressure, headaches, lethargy, acute renal failure, edema,
arrhythmias, and muscle weakness. High levels of licorice may also affect cortisol
levels in the body.

To purchase licorice: http://www.metagenics.com/mp/products/licorice-plus

Enter practitioner code: DGroothuisRD


What is Conjugated Linoleic Acid?
CLA, an essential fatty acid, is an isomer of linoleic acid, which is an
essential polyunsaturated fatty acid found in many vegetable oils. An
isomer is a compound with the same molecular formula but different
structural formula.

Where is CLA  found?
CLAs are found naturally in eggs, milk fat, beef, and the meat of cud
chewing animals, called ruminant animals. Kangaroo meat has the highest
concentration of CLAs. CLAs are much higher in grass-fed ruminants than
grain-fed ones. It can also be produced synthetically by exposing plant
oils that are rich in linoleic acid (like safflower and soybean oil) to a base
and heat.

What are the benefits of CLA?
CLAs have been found to be effective in reducing the risk of colorectal
cancer and improving body composition in people who are obese or
overweight. Studies have shown that it helps decrease body fat and
increase lean body mass. Other possible uses are for bodybuilding, breast
cancer, cachexia (weight loss due to disease), decreasing food allergies,
and atherosclerosis.

Are there interactions between CLA and food, herbs or other supplements?
There is some evidence that CLAs may increase the storage of Vitamin A in
the liver and breast tissues.

Are there side effects from CLAS?
Some people report GI issues while taking CLAs, such as diarrhea, nausea,
fatigue, and dyspepsia. There is also concern that CLA supplements may
create or worsen insulin resistance in extremely overweight individuals,
which may worsen diabetes and or put them at an increased risk for
developing diabetes.

To purchase CLAs: http://www.metagenics.com/mp/products/ultra-cla

Practitioner code: DGroothuisRD



What is inositol and where is it found?
Inositol is a vitamin-like substance that is found in many foods, especially fruit
such as cantaloupe and oranges. It is also found in grains and beans, but in a
form that is not bio-available to the human body. Unofficially, it is referred to as
vitamin B8. It works by balancing certain chemicals in the body, like
neurotransmitters, and may participate in the action of serotonin. Inositol is sold
as a supplement.

What are the benefits of inositol?
Inositol has been shown to be effective in treating obsessive-compulsive
disorder, panic disorder, and polycystic ovary syndrome. Some people take
inositol to treat Alzheimer’s disease, ADHA, depression, and diabetic neuropathy
and autism. Others take it to treat high blood pressure, psoriasis, and high

Are there interactions with food or medications and inositol?
None known.

Are there side effects from inositol?
It is well tolerated but can possible cause nausea, tiredness, headache, and

Green Tea

Green Tea

What is Green Tea?
Green tea is a type of tea made from the leaves of Camellia sinensis. It is not
fermented like black and oolong teas. Instead, it is steamed at high
temperatures, which prevents oxidation by inactivating certain oxidizing
enzymes. As a result, green tea is high in polyphenols, such as flavanols (which
include catechins), flavandiols, flavonoids and phenolic acids. Catechins seem to
be responsible for many of the benefits of green tea.

Where is it found?
Green tea can be found in any grocery store tea section. Both caffeinated and
decaffeinated varieties are available. It is also sold as an oral supplement and
topical extract ointment.

What are the benefits of green tea?
Intake of green tea is used to improve cognitive performance and mental
alertness. It is also used to treat prevent/treat certain cancers, hyperlipidemia,
Parkinson’s disease, and hypotension. It may be effective as an aid in weight
loss, osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease, and hypertension. When used
topically, green tea is used to treat genital warts. Additionally, the bags can be
used to wash and soothe sunburn and as a compress for a headache or tired

Are there interactions with medications and green tea?
Because of the caffeine in green tea, one should be cautious and consult a
doctor when taking amphetamines, cocaine, ephedrine, mexiletine, terbinafine
(lamisil), adenosine, anticoagulant drugs, beta-andrenergic agonists, boronic
acid-based proteaseome inhibititors, bortezomib (velcade), cimetidine (tagamet),
clozapine (clozaril), dipyridamole (persantine), lithium, hepatotoxic drugs,
fluvoxamine (luvox), fluconazole (diflucan), and estrogens.
Green tea appears to reduce the absorption of iron from foods. Also, milk added
to green tea has been shown to enhance some of the cardiovascular benefits of
green tea.

Are there side effects from green tea?
Some possible (but rare) side effects may be nausea, vomiting, abdominal
bloating and pain, flatulence, diarrhea, dizziness, insomnia, fatigue, and