Zinc

Zinc

What is zinc?
Zinc is an essential mineral and it is the second most abundant trace element in
the human body. In fact, the body has about 2g of zinc, found mostly in the
brain, bones, kidney, liver, prostate and eyes. Zinc has antioxidant properties
and has a role in DNA and RNA metabolism. It is found in more than 300
enzymes, and is also used as an enzyme catalyst. Zinc plays a major role in
immune function, reproduction, growth and development, wound healing, blood
clotting, taste and smell, insulin action, blood clotting, and thyroid function,
behavior and learning.

Where is zinc found?
Zinc is found in foods that contain protein, like meat, poultry, fish, and dairy. It is
also found in some vegetables and nuts. Zinc is especially high in oysters, wheat
germ, beef, pumpkin and squash seeds, dark chocolate and cocoa powder,
peanuts, and crab. Many breakfast cereals and wheat products are fortified with
zinc.

What are the benefits of zinc?
Zinc is effective in treating diarrhea in malnourished children in the developing
world. It has also been shown to treat acne, slow the progression of age-related
macular degeneration, improve weight and depression status in anorexia
nervosa, improve symptoms of ADHD (attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder),
and decrease the duration of the common cold. Additionally, zinc appears to slow
bone loss, treat and prevent peptic ulcers, treat leg ulcers, and improve vitamin
A deficiency when taken with vitamin A. Topically, it seems to help prevent and
treat gingivitis, herpes simplex virus, and treat burns.

Are there interactions between zinc and food, herbs or other
supplements?

Zinc absorption may be improved when taking Vitamin D and riboflavin, while
calcium, chromium, and phytic acid may decrease zinc absorption. High intake
of zinc may interfere with the absorption of manganese, magnesium, iron,
copper, and bromelain, and chromium.

Are there side effects from zinc?
Zinc can cause nausea, vomiting, and a metallic taste in the mouth. Topically, it
can cause itching, stinging and burning.

To purchase zinc: http://www.metagenics.com/mp/products/zinc-ag

Practitioner code: DGroothuisRD

Valerian

Valerian

What is valerian and where is it found?
Valerian is an herb that comes from the root of the valerian plant. It is sold as a
nutritional supplement. It comes in capsules or tablets, but it is also
incorporated into teas and tinctures.

What are the benefits of valerian?
Valerian is used as a sedative, anticonvulsant, pain reliever, and migraine
treatment. It is mainly used to treat insomnia and other sleep disorders by
giving people better quality sleep and helping them fall asleep faster. The
benefit of valerian over prescription medication is that it may not have as much
as a “hangover effect” on next day mental and physical functioning. Additionally,
valerian has been used to treat anxiety.

Are there interactions with valerian and food or medications?
Valerian should not be taken with alcohol, narcotics, barbituates, over the
counter sleep aids, or any other sedatives. The combination may cause increased
drowsiness, since it may increase the sedative effect.

Are there side effects rom valerian?
Valerian may cause stomach upset, headaches, dry mouth, apathy, and mild
depression. In rare cases, valerian may also cause an allergic reaction, resulting
in itchiness with rash or hives, or difficulty breathing.

inflavonoid_intensive_care_30_large

Turmeric

What is turmeric?
Turmeric is a spice that has been used for thousands of years in Ayurvedic
and Chinese medicine to treat a variety of conditions. The active part of
turmeric is curcumin, which is an antioxidant that appears to have antiinflammatory
properties. It is used as an anti-inflammatory herbal remedy
in lieu or addition to conventional over the counter pain medications.

Where is turmeric found?
It is mainly grown in India and is used as a main ingredient in curry. It
also is used to flavor give the yellow color to butter, cheese, mustard and
curry powders.

What are the benefitsof turmeric?
Curcumin is a very powerful antioxidant that helps fight free-radicals, and
it lowers the level of certain enzymes that cause inflammation. Therefore,
it may improve symptoms of osteoarthritis. Turmeric has also been shown
to be effective for relieving the symptoms of dyspepsia (indigestion).
Some evidence suggests it may improve symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease
and aid in prevention and slowing of cancer. Additionally, it may have
antithrombotic effects and stop platelets from clumping together to form
blood clots.

Are there interactions with turmeric and food, herbs or other supplements?
Bromelain may enhance curcumin absorption. Since it has antithrombotic/anti-platelet
effects, it should be discontinued at least 2 weeks
before any type of surgical procedure. It may also lower blood sugar
levels and should be monitored when taking other diabetes medications to
prevent hypoglycemia.

Are there side effects from turmeric?
It is mostly well tolerated but may have some gastrointestinal side effects
such as nausea and diarrhea.

To purchase turmeric: http://www.metagenics.com/mp/products/inflavonoid-intensive-care

Practitioner code: DGroothuisRD

Resvertatrol

Resveratrol

What is resveratrol and where is it found?
Resveratrol is a natural polyphenol found in the skin of red grapes, the roots of
Japanese knotweed, berries, peanuts, wine, and cocoa powder. It is also sold as
a supplement. Polyphenols are antioxidants that have health benefits.

What are the benefits of resveratrol?
Resveratrol appears to have anti-aging and anti-inflammatory properties. It
seems to decrease the risk of many diseases, such as heart disease, cancer,
Alzheimer’s and diabetes. Further, resveratrol is associated with antiviral effects
and increased testosterone levels. Most of the research has been on animals
and in the laboratory rather than in clinical trials on humans.

Are there interactions with medications and resveratrol?
Because of its anti-platelet effects, resveratrol should not be taken with blood
thinners (Coumadin) and NSAIDS, such as aspirin and ibuprofen, because it may
increase the risk for bleeding.

Are there side effects from resveratrol?
None known.

Women with hormone sensitive cancers or conditions, such as breast cancer or
fibroids, should avoid resveratrol because of its estrogenic effects. It should also
be avoided in pre-surgical patients due to its antiplatelet effects.

Raspberry Ketones

Raspberry Ketones

What are Raspberry Ketones?
Raspberry ketones are one of the aromatic compounds found in raspberries,
responsible for the aroma found in the fruit. It is a phenol compound used as a
natural flavor food additive in many foods. It is also found in perfumes and
cosmetics. It can also be made synthetically, since the natural compound is very
expensive.
Raspberry ketones have been shown to be chemically similar to capsaicin, which
is found in chile peppers. These compounds may help burn fat and therefore aid
in weight loss.

Where are raspberry ketones found?
It is a supplement. It comes from red raspberries.

What are the benefits of raspberry ketones?
Raspberry ketones are used for weight loss, obesity and increasing lean body
mass. They may also improve insulin sensitivity and reduce fat in the liver. It is
also used for hair loss (alopecia).

Are there interactions with medications and raspberry ketones?
Raspberry ketones may affect warfarin and care should be taken when using this
combination.

Are there side effects from raspberry ketones?
No reliable information is known on the safety of raspberry ketones. No clinical
trials have been done and little is known about its long-term safety. Chemically,
it is similar to synephrine and there is some concern that the supplement may
cause increased heart rate, blood pressure and feelings of jitters.

Quercetin

Quercitin

What is Quercetin?
Quercetin is a flavonoid found in fruits, vegetables, grains, and leaves. It
has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticarcinogenic and cardioprotective
effects.

Where is quercitin found?
It is found in red wine, red grapes, black and green tea, onions (especially
red onion), kale, tomatoes, broccoli, green beans, asparagus, apples,
berries, capers, and citrus fruit.

What are the benefits of quercitin?
Quercetin has been shown to be effective for reducing pain and improving
the quality of life of patients with prostatitis. It is also used to treat
coronary heart disease, high cholesterol, and hypertension and to reduce
the risk of lung, ovarian and pancreatic cancers. It is taken after kidney
transplants to improve kidney function. Further, quercetin is used to
increase exercise endurance and improve performance.

Are there interactions with quercitin and food, herbs or other supplements?
None known. Quercetin is found in some other herbs, such as St John’s
wort, Ginkgo biloba, and American elder.

Are there side effects from quercitin?
Quercetin may cause headaches and tingling of the extremities. If taken
intravenously, there may be sweating, nausea, and vomiting.

Pyconogenol

Pycnogenol

What is Pycnogenol?
Pycnogenol is an antioxidant with immunostimulating properties that is extracted
from the pine bark of a tree known as Pinus pinaster, also known as French
Maritime Pine Bark. It contains flavonoids, including catechin, and taxifolin, and
the bioflavonoid, procyanidin. Pycnogenol is a trademarked French name, but
similar compounds are found in other pine bark extracts, grape seed extract, and
peanut skins.

Where is pycnogenol found?
It is a supplement. However, it can also be brewed as a tea made from pine
bark.

What are the benefits of pycnogenol?
Pycnogenol has been shown to be effective in treating allergic rhinitis and
asthma. It has also seems to increase athletic endurance and decrease
hypertension. Further, it appears to slow or prevent retinopathy and improve
circulatory function. Pycnogenol is added to many skin creams and products
because of its anti-aging properties. It may help slow the aging process and
maintain healthy skin. Some people also use pycnogenol for diabetes, leg
cramps, menopausal symptoms, and coronary artery disease.

Are there interactions with medications and pycnogenol?
Because of its immunostimulating properties, pycnogenol may interfere with
immunosuppressant therapy and should not be taken with immunosuppressant
drugs or by people with autoimmune disorders.

Are there side effects from pycnogenol?
Pycnogenol may cause dizziness, gut problems, headaches, and mouth ulcers.

Probiotic

Probiotics

What is a probiotic?
Probiotics are live microorganisms (usually bacteria), which support digestion
and the immune system. They are considered “good bacteria” because of their
positive influence on the gut. The World Health Organization defines probiotics
as “live microorganisms, which, when administered in adequate amounts, confer
a health benefit on the host.” The two most common probiotics come from two
groups of bacteria: Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium. There are different
species and strains in each of these different groups. Some probiotics are yeast.

Where are probiotics found?
They are found in dietary supplements and in foods, such as fermented foods
and cultured milk products. There has been some recent controversy over
whether foods with supplemental probiotics, such as Activia, are effective.

What are the benefits of probiotics?
Probiotics help with the immune system, protect against microorganisms that can
cause disease, and help the digestions and absorption of food and nutrients.
They have been shown to be effective for diarrhea, infant colic, IBS (Irritable
Bowel Syndrome), respiratory tract infections in children, ulcerative colitis,
pouchitis (a condition that may occur after removal of the colon), and atopic
dermatitis. For some it may prevent the common cold, UTIs (urinary tract
infections), and lactose intolerance. Since there are cells in the digestive tract
connected to the immune system, it is believed that probiotics can affect the
immune system’s defenses by altering the balance of “good” and “bad” bacteria.

Are there interactions with medications and probiotics?
Taking antibiotics may decrease the effectiveness of probiotics. Also, ingestion
of probiotics may negatively affect patients taking immunosuppressant. There is
a risk that those patients have a higher risk of infection.
Side effects of taking probiotics are mild, if any. Some people complain of gas or
bloating, which dissipates after continued use.

To purchase probiotics: http://www.metagenics.com/mp/products/ultraflora-spectrum

Practitioner code: DGroothuisRD

Mulberry

Mulberry

What is mulberry and where is it found?
Mulberry is a plant, which includes a wide variety of trees and shrubs and
contains a fruit that resembles blackberries. The powdered leaves of white
mulberry are used as an herb for medicine, while the fruit is eaten both raw and
cooked. The fruit of the mulberry is high in phytonutrients, especially
resveratrol, a flavonoid antioxidant. They are also high in protein, iron and many
other vitamins and minerals.

What are the benefits of mulberry?
Mulberry has been used to treat diabetes by lowering blood sugar. It seems
to slow the breakdown of sugar in the body, which increases the length of time
food is absorbed prevents blood sugar from rising too rapidly. It is also used to
treat high cholesterol, high blood pressure, joint and muscle pain, and the
common cold. Some people use it for hair loss and premature graying,
constipation and asthma.

Are there interactions with medications and mulberry?
None known.

Are there side effects from mulberry?
Avoid taking mulberry during pregnancy and breast-feeding because very few
studies have been done and there is not enough information known.

Mag_Glycinate

Magnesium

What is magnesium?
Magnesium is a mineral found in the human body, which is essential to
good health. It is needed in more than 300 biochemical reactions in the
body and it is involved in keeping bones strong, supporting the immune
system, and maintaining muscle and nerve functions. Additionally,
magnesium is involved in energy metabolism, protein synthesis, blood
sugar regulation, and in promoting normal blood pressure levels.

Where is magnesium found?
Most foods that are high in fiber are also high in magnesium. Magnesium
is found in vegetables, such as broccoli, squash and green leafy vegetables
like spinach. It is also found in beans, peas, nuts, seeds and unrefined
grains. Other sources include dairy products, raisins, bananas, coffee,
meats and avocado.

What are the benefits of magnesium?
Magnesium is effective as a laxative for constipation and in treating
magnesium deficiency and dyspepsia (heartburn). It has also been shown
to relieve PMS, prevent bone loss, prevent type 2 diabetes, decrease
cholesterol, improve chronic fatigue syndrome, treat arrhythmias and
prevent stroke, prevent bone loss, and lower the risk of developing
metabolic syndrome. Some people use magnesium to improve energy and
endurance during athletic activity, decrease hypertension, and treat
anxiety.

Are there interactions between magnesium and food, herbs or
other supplements?
Calcium and zinc decrease the absorption of magnesium, while boron and
vitamin D increase the absorption of magnesium.

Are there side effects from magnesium?
In some people, magnesium may cause an upset stomach, nausea,
vomiting, and/or diarrhea.

To purchase Magnesium: http://www.metagenics.com/mp/products/mag-glycinate

Practitioner code: DGroothuisRD